JEWISH SETTLEMENTS

A JEWISH SETTLEMENT IN JUDEA AND SAMARIA

A JEWISH SETTLEMENT IN JUDEA AND SAMARIA

LARGEST AMOUNT OF SETTLEMENT CONSTRUCTION IN 2013

LARGEST AMOUNT OF SETTLEMENT CONSTRUCTION IN 2013

 

MAP OF AREAS IN JUDEA AND SAMARIA

MAP OF AREAS IN JUDEA AND SAMARIA

BROWN –  Area A      Palestinian controlled

YELLOW –  Area B    Joint Palestinian and Israel controlled

WHITE – Area C   Israeli controlled

 

 

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PRESENT DAY JUDEA AND SAMARIA SHOWING SMALL AMOUNT OF SOLELY CONTROLLED ARAB LAND.  The contention is over the jointly controlled areas which is where the settlements are being built, along with Muslim villages.

 

The term “Settlements” usually refers to the towns and villages that Jews have established in Judea and Samaria (the West Bank) and the Gaza Strip since Israel captured the area in the Six-Day War of 1967.   In many cases, the settlements are in the same area which flourishing Jewish communities have lived for thousands of years.  There are four Jewish settlements between three to five kilometers from the village of Taybeh.   The names of the settlements are Ofra,  Kohav HaShaha,  Rimonim and  Ramin.    These are considered to be ‘unlawful’ as they are in an area jointly controlled by Israel and the Palestinian government.  I can see Ofra on the top of a hill of Ephraim outside a west facing window of my unit, and Kohav HaShaha can be seen from the eastern  side of Taybeh.

History of the Settlement Movement

Following Israel’s resounding defeat of the invading Arab armies in the Six-Day War, strategic concerns led both of Israel’s major political parties – the Labor and Likud – to support and establish settlements at various times. The first settlements were built by Labor governments from 1968 to 1977, with the explicit objective to secure a Jewish majority in key strategic regions of the West Bank – such as the Tel AvivJerusalem corridor – that were the scene of heavy fighting in several of the Arab-Israeli wars.

The second wave of settlement construction began with the 1968 occupation of the Park Hotel in Hebron, a city with a long, rich Jewish history dating back to biblical times that had only been interrupted by a massacre of Jewish residents by Arabs in 1929. Those who came to Hebron in 1968 were the first of the ideological settlers who believed that Israel’s victory the prior year was an act of God which indicated divine providence that the historic Land of Israel should be restored to the Jewish people. Very few such settlements were established until Menachem Begin was elected Prime Minister of Israel in 1977. Begin’s government, as well as subsequent Likud-led governments, provided financial incentives for Jews to move to parts of Judea and Samaria that did not necessarily have any strategic value. Their purpose was to solidify Israel’s hold on territory that was part of biblical and historical Israel and preempt the creation of a Palestinian state.

A third group of Jews who are today considered “settlers,” moved to the West Bank primarily for economic reasons; that is, the government provided financial incentives to live there, and the towns were close to their jobs.

As of July 2012, the estimated Jewish population of the nearly 130 officially recognized West Bank settlements was 350,150. Critics suggest these figures imply territorial compromise with the Palestinians is impossible; however, the distribution of the Jewish population is such that a solution is not only conceivable but also very plausible and practical.

When Arab-Israeli peace talks began in late 1991, more than 80 percent of the West Bank contained no settlements or only sparsely populated ones. Currently, more than 60 percent of Israelis living in the West Bank live in just five settlement blocs – Ma’ale Adumim, Modiin Ilit, Ariel, Gush Etzion, Givat Ze’ev – which all lie within only a few miles of the 1967 border, otherwise known as the “Green Line.” These settlement blocs could be brought within Israel’s borders so as to retain an Arab population (from the West Bank) of less than 50,000. It is inconceivable that Israel would evacuate large cities such as Ma’ale Adumim, with a population of approximately 35,000, even after a peace agreement with the Palestinians, and even Yasser Arafat grudgingly accepted at Camp David the idea that the large settelement blocs would be part of Israel.   Our prayers are needed not only to continue the construction of more settlements, but for the protection of the settlers.

Legalities

Another charge is that settlements are “illegal.” The United States has never adopted this position and legal scholars have noted that a country acting in self-defense may seize and occupy territory when necessary to protect itself. Moreover, the occupying power may require, as a condition for its withdrawal, security measures designed to ensure its citizens are not menaced again from that territory.

According to Eugene Rostow, a former Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs in the Johnson Administration, Resolution 242 gives Israel a legal right to be in the West Bank. The resolution “allows Israel to administer the territories” it won in 1967 “until ‘a just and lasting peace in the Middle East’ is achieved,” Rostow wrote in The New Republic(10/21/91). During the debate on the resolution, he added, “speaker after speaker made it clear that Israel was not to be forced back to the ‘fragile’ and ‘vulnerable’ [1949] Armistice Demarcation Lines.”

Obstacles?

Israel’s adversaries, and even some friends, assert that settlements are an obstacle to peace. The evidence points to the opposite conclusion. From 1949-67, when Jews were forbidden to live on the West Bank, the Arabs refused to make peace with Israel. From 1967-77, the Labor Party established only a few strategic settlements in the territories, yet the Arabs showed no interest in making peace with Israel. In 1977, months after a Likud government committed to greater settlement activity took power, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat went to Jerusalem. One year later, Israel froze settlements, hoping the gesture would entice other Arabs to join the Camp David peace process. But none would. In another Camp David summit in 2000, Ehud Barak offered to dismantle most settlements and create a Palestinian state in exchange for peace, and Yasser Arafat rejected the plan.

Israel also proved willing to dismantle settlements in the interest of peace. During the Camp David negotiations with Egypt, all of the issues had been resolved, but one remained, Sadat’s insistence that all settlements in the Sinai be removed. Begin didn’t want to remove them, but he called Ariel Sharon for advice. Sharon said that in the interest of peace, the settlements should be dismantled. Israel did just that in 1982, providing compensation to residents for the loss of their homes, farms and businesses that ranged from $100,000 to $500,000 (Jerusalem Post, January 8, 2004). Nevertheless, a small group of settlers in the town of Yamit refused to leave and Sharon had the army literally drag them out of their homes to comply with the terms of the agreement with Egypt.

In short, the historical record shows that with the exception of Egypt, and Jordan, the Arab states and Palestinians have been intransigent regardless of the scope of settlement activity. One reason is the conviction that time is on their side. References are frequently made in Arabic writings to how long it took to expel the Crusaders and how it might take a similar length of time to do the same to the Zionists.

Settlement activity may be a stimulus to peace because it forces Arabs to question this tenet. “The Palestinians now realize,” said Bethlehem Mayor Elias Freij, a member of the Palestinian delegation to the Madrid talks, “that time is now on the side of Israel, which can build settlements and create facts, and that the only way out of this dilemma is face-to-face negotiations.” Consequently, the Arabs went to Madrid and Washington for peace talks despite continued settlement activity. Similarly, the Palestinians negotiated with Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, even though he also allowed the number of settlers to grow.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of Israeli settlements (magenta) in the West Bank in 2014

The population statistics for Israeli West Bank settlementsare collected by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. As such, the data contains only population of settlements recognized by the Israeli authorities. Israeli outposts are not tracked, and their population is hard to establish. In addition to these, Nahal settlements are formally considered military outposts, and their population is counted, but not reported. Once a Nahal settlement becomes a civilian locality, it starts to be reported.

While all settlements in the West Bank were advised by theInternational Court of Justice to be unlawful in 2004,[1] the construction of the West Bank Barrier would keep a significant number of settlements behind a wall. The largest settlements left beyond the barrier would include Kiryat Arba (population 7,593 in 2012), Kokhav Ya’akov (6,476), Beit El (5,897), Geva Binyamin (4,674), Eli, Mateh Binyamin (3,521), Ofra (3,489),Talmon (3,202), Shilo, Mateh Binyamin (2,706), Tekoa, Gush Etzion (2,518), and Mitzpe Yeriho(2,115). The total number of settlers east of the barrier lines in 2012 was at least 67,702, plus 11,528 in the Jordan Valley. By comparison, the number of Gaza Strip settlers in 2005 who refused to move voluntarily and be compensated, and that were forcibly evicted during theIsraeli disengagement from Gaza was around 9,000.[2] The total population of all settlements in the West Bank was nearly 400,000 in 2014, excluding East Jerusalem.[3] As of December 2015, altogether over 800,000 Israeli Jews resided over the 1949 Armistice Lines (including east-Jerusalem neighborhoods), constituting approximately 13% of Israel’s Jewish population.[4]

Population of Israeli West Bank settlements
Name Hebrew 2014[5] 2010[6] 2005[7] 2003[8] 2000[9] 1999[10] Est.[6] Fence[11] Council Subarea or bloc
Adora אדורה 367 240 206 191 271 291 1984 E Har Hebron West
Alei Zahav עלי זהב 983 498 684 424 391 355 1982 W Shomron Western S.
Alfei Menashe אלפי מנשה 7614 7079 5541 5,347 4,580 4,410 1983 W Shomron Western S.[12]
Alon Shvut אלון שבות 3141 3033 3291 3,146 2,680 2,230 1970 W Gush Etzion Etzion
Almog אלמוג 179 170 159 141 167 156 1977 V Megilot Dead Sea
Almon(Anatot) עלמון (ענתות) 1214 893 762 726 698 672 1982 W Binyamin Adumim
Argaman ארגמן 128 169 166 169 164 155 1968 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Ariel אריאל 18391 17668 16520 16,053 15,600 15,100 1978 W Shomron Western S.[13]
Asfar(Metzad) מיצד (אספר) 535 401 258 232 361 356 1983 E Gush Etzion Judean Mtns
Ateret עטרת 848 770 373 349 302 287 1981 E Mateh Binyamin Western B.
Avnat אבנת 110 101 n/a 1983 V Megilot Dead Sea
Avnei Hefetz אבני חפץ 1658 1553 1127 964 785 695 1990 E Shomron Western S.
Barkan ברקן 1627 1401 1231 1,217 1,150 1,080 1981 W Shomron Western S.
Bat Ayin בת עין 1196 987 804 767 1989 W Gush Etzion Etzion
Beit Aryeh בית אריה 4516 3909 3457 2,522 2,380 2,330 1981 W Shomron Western S.[12]
Beit El בית אל 5991 5626 4967 4,627 4,120 3,800 1977 E Mateh Binyamin [12]Ramallah
Beit HaArava בית הערבה 134 120 83 54 55 45 1980 V Megilot Dead Sea
Beit Horon בית חורון 1218 1115 848 822 772 720 1977 W Mateh Binyamin Giv’on
Beit Yatir
(Mezadot Yehuda)
בית יתיר
(מצדות יהודה)
478 379 431 412 422 412 1983 W Har Hebron South
Beitar Illit ביתר עילית 46874 37575 26996 22,926 15,800 12,700 1985 W Gush Etzion Etzion[13]
Beka’ot בקעות 171 162 156 145 144 144 1972 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Bruchin ברוכין 675 n/a 2012 W Shomron Western S.
Carmei Tzur כרמי צור 1011 725 713 623 481 422 1984 E Gush Etzion Etzion
Carmel כרמל 419 383 330 321 246 252 1981 E Har Hebron South
Dolev דולב 1281 1195 1034 973 880 850 1983 E Mateh Binyamin Western B.
Efrat(a) אפרת 8131 7454 7428 7,037 6,430 6,230 1980 W Gush Etzion Etzion[12]
El’azar אלעזר 2532 1905 1131 882 784 747 1975 W Gush Etzion Etzion
Eli עלי 3947 3108 2420 2,058 1,900 1,730 1984 E Mateh Binyamin Eli
Elkana אלקנה 3871 3587 2963 3,050 2,990 2,940 1977 W Shomron Western S.[12]
Elon Moreh אלון מורה 1773 1447 1212 1,097 1,060 1,050 1979 E Shomron Nablus
Einav ענב 691 604 538 473 500 504 1981 E Shomron Enav
Eshkolot אשכולות 494 619 225 220 171 148 1982 W Har Hebron South
Etz Efraim עץ אפרים 1550 760 642 617 525 500 1985 W Shomron Western S.
Ganim גנים 0[14] 139 158 149 1983 E Shomron Northern S.
Geva Binyamin
(Adam)
גבע בנימין (אדם) 5065 4370 2436 1,801 1,020 707 1984 E Mateh Binyamin Ramallah
Gilgal, Bik’at HaYarden גלגל 169 166 164 162 180 164 1970 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Gitit גיתית 362 297 191 119 100 109 1973 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Giv’at Ze’ev גבעת זאב 15094 11764 10656 10,790 10,300 10,000 1983 W Mateh Binyamin [12] Giv’on
Giv’on Hadasha גבעון החדשה 1161 1097 1147 1,224 1,190 1,180 1980 W Mateh Binyamin Giv’on
Hagai בית חגי (חגי) 547 502 452 388 406 405 1984 E Har Hebron Hebron
Halamish חלמיש 1282 1090 941 915 922 1,100 1977 E Mateh Binyamin Western B.
Hamra חמרה 124 88 132 131 147 149 1971 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Har Adar
(Giv’at HaRadar)
הר אדר
(גבעת הרדאר)
3776 3426 2260 1,839 1,420 1,380 1986 W Mateh Binyamin [12] Giv’on
Har Brakha
(Brakha)
הר ברכה
(ברכה)
2195 1691 1094 880 752 714 1983 E Shomron Nablus
Har Gilo הר גילה 1438 602 381 369 363 1972 W Gush Etzion Etzion
Hashmonaim חשמונאים 2638 2610 2225 2,097 1,830 1,770 1985 W Mateh Binyamin Modi’in
Hebron חברון 554 1980 E Har Hebron Hebron[15]
Hemdat(Nahal) חמדת 209 178 140 107 1980 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Hermesh חרמש 203 184 212 229 279 272 1982 E Shomron Rehan
Hinanit חיננית 1101 813 760 669 481 432 1981 W Shomron Rehan
Homesh חומש 0[14] 156 159 163 1980 E Shomron Northern S.
Immanuel עמנואל 3197 2948 2583 2,455 3,040 3,150 1983 W Shomron Western S.[12]
Itamar איתמר 1275 1101 651 557 541 511 1984 E Shomron Nablus
Kadim קדים 0[14] 128 148 138 1983 E Shomron Northern S.
Kalia קלי”ה 390 306 271 260 260 262 1968 V Megilot Dead Sea
Karnei Shomron קרני שומרון 6650 6284 6280 6,093 5,890 5,590 1978 W Shomron Western S.[12]
Kedar קדר 1384 1028 728 624 447 393 1985 W Gush Etzion Adumim
Kedumim קדומים 4187 3877 3087 2,934 2,660 2,540 1977 W Shomron Kedumim[12]
Kfar Adumim כפר אדומים 3952 3286 2127 1,866 1,690 1,590 1979 W Mateh Binyamin Adumim
Kfar Etzion כפר עציון 1060 804 422 404 427 421 1967 W Gush Etzion Etzion
Kfar Tapuach כפר תפוח 900 1025 648 523 347 352 1978 E Shomron Western S.
Kiryat Arba קרית ארבע 6951 7248 6819 6,605 6,380 6,240 1972 E Har Hebron Hebron[12]
Kiryat Netafim קרית נטפים 824 690 438 384 249 240 1983 W Shomron Western S.
Kokhav HaShahar כוכב השחר 1829 1557 1449 1,367 1,150 1,080 1977 V Mateh Binyamin Jordan
Kokhav Ya’akov
(Abir Ya’akov)
כוכב יעקב
(אביר יעקב)
6993 6006 4919 3,819 1,640 1,260 1985 E Mateh Binyamin Ramallah
Lapid לפיד 2505 2497 2247 2,176 1996 W Hevel Modi’in Modi’in
Ma’ale Adumim מעלה אדומים 37404 35673 30162 27,259 24,900 23,800 1975 W Gush Etzion[13] Adumim
Ma’ale Amos מעלה עמוס 352 255 340 299 336 342 1981 E Gush Etzion Judean Mtns
Ma’ale Efraim מעלה אפרים 1145 1250 1423 1,443 1,480 1,460 1970 V Bik’at HaYarden[12] Jordan Valley
Ma’ale Levona מעלה לבונה 758 686 545 497 445 447 1983 E Mateh Binyamin Eli
Ma’ale Mikhmas מעלה מכמש 1319 1104 1126 980 826 753 1981 V Mateh Binyamin
Ma’ale Shomron מעלה שומרון 965 837 574 533 527 486 1980 W Shomron Western S.
Ma’on מעון 488 357 347 327 283 265 1981 E Har Hebron South
Maskiot משכיות 192 n/a n/a 507 N/A 1986 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Massu’a משואה 149 141 136 145 148 140 1970 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Matityahu מתתיהו 663 465 1353 1,365 1,380 1,410 1981 W Mateh Binyamin Modi’in
Mehola מחולה 467 400 362 327 306 315 1968 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Mekhora מכורה 138 131 120 125 113 120 1973 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Menora כפר האורנים
\מנורה
2668 2509 1804 1,240 768 332 1998 V Mateh Binyamin Modi’in
Mevo Dotan מבוא דותן 330 280 303 289 310 314 1978 E Shomron Rehan
Mevo Horon מבוא חורון 2425 1771 950 712 497 494 1970 W Mateh Binyamin Modi’in
Migdal Oz מגדל עוז 447 412 334 298 289 280 1977 W Gush Etzion Etzion
Migdalim מגדלים 204 142 150 152 154 150 1983 E Shomron Western S.
Mitzpe Shalem מצפה שלם 171 166 180 193 210 208 1971 V Megilot Dead Sea
Mitzpe Yericho מצפה יריחו 2270 1851 1536 1,430 1,210 1,160 1978 V Mateh Binyamin Jordan
Modi’in Illit מודיעין עילית 63187 48639 30484 24,290 16,400 13,000 1996 W Mateh Binyamin Modi’in[12]
Na’ale נעלה 1441 1035 623 556 137 105 1988 E Mateh Binyamin
Nahliel נחליאל 583 412 264 248 244 230 1984 E Mateh Binyamin Western B.
Negohot נגוהות 271 245 150 134 409 n/a 1999 E Har Hebron West
Nativ HaGdud נתיב הגדוד 179 186 127 120 139 143 1976 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Neve Daniel נווה דניאל 2174 1824 1467 1,073 933 868 1982 W Gush Etzion Etzion
Nili נילי 1276 846 852 806 721 666 1981 E Mateh Binyamin
Niran נירן 81 52 49 52 56 45 1977 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Nofim נופים 549 421 400 402 385 362 1987 W Shomron Western S.
Nokdim נוקדים 1836 1413 729 646 611 526 1982 E Gush Etzion Judean Mtns
Na’omi נעמ”ה 107 100 130 123 121 133 1982 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Ofarim עופרים n/a[16] 870 686 623 1989 W Mateh Binyamin
Ofra עפרה 3137 3296 2384 2,214 1,880 1,870 1975 E Mateh Binyamin Ramallah
Oranit אורנית 8086 6205 5585 5,316 5,070 4,780 1985 W Shomron Western S.[12]
Otniel עתניאל 862 787 747 698 560 553 1983 E Har Hebron South
Peduel פדואל 1475 1185 1113 1,088 885 834 1984 W Shomron Western S.
Ma’ale Hever
(Pnei Hever)
מעלה חבר
(פני חבר)
423 380 375 376 304 266 1982 E Har Hebron Hebron
Peza’el פצאל 244 214 215 213 224 228 1975 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Psagot פסגות 1904 1658 1464 1,278 1,090 1,030 1981 E Mateh Binyamin Ramallah
Rechelim רחלים 529 n/a 2013 Shomron
Rehan ריחן 183 177 150 129 120 100 1977 W Shomron Rehan
Revava רבבה 1805 1262 827 703 504 389 1991 W Shomron Western S.
Rimonim רימונים 564 632 561 512 499 474 1977 V Mateh Binyamin Jordan
Ro’i רועי 153 157 117 118 141 133 1976 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Rosh Tzurim ראש צורים 910 606 364 263 265 290 1969 W Gush Etzion Etzion
Rotem רותם 157 n/a 1983 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Sa-Nur שא-נור 0[14] 55 52 54 1982 E Shomron Northern S.
Sal’it סלעית 604 525 447 441 410 377 1977 W Shomron Enav
Sansana סנסנה 284 n/a 1997 Har Hebron
Sha’are Tikva שערי תקווה 5451 4727 3709 3,692 3,380 3,220 1983 W Shomron Western S.
Shadmot Mehola שדמות מחולה 544 494 516 507 399 400 1979 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Shaked שקד 779 661 527 524 497 468 1981 W Shomron Rehan
Shani (Livne) שני (לבנה) 463 441 424 438 483 490 1989 W Har Hebron South
Shavei Shomron שבי שומרון 863 688 606 604 573 569 1977 E Shomron Western S.
Shilo שילה 3113 2172 1945 1,810 1,580 1,490 1979 E Mateh Binyamin Eli
Shim’a שמעה 475 316 349 357 296 263 1985 E Har Hebron South
Susiya סוסיא 1014 923 700 643 482 468 1983 E Har Hebron South
Talmon טלמון 3486 2797 1964 1,618 1,250 1,150 1989 E Mateh Binyamin Western B.
Tekoa תקוע 3200 1808 1243 1,116 980 948 1977 E Gush Etzion Judean Mtns
Telem תלם 278 241 152 127 97 101 1982 E Har Hebron West
Tene Omarim טנא עומרים 758 608 532 563 561 580 1983 E Har Hebron South
Tomer תומר 232 234 281 298 308 307 1978 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Vered Jericho ורד יריחו 221 196 156 161 164 155 1980 V Megilot Dead Sea
Yafit יפית 136 107 99 95 125 118 1980 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Yakir יקיר 1821 1285 984 932 822 765 1981 W Shomron Western S.
Yitav ייט”ב 249 139 156 136 114 107 1970 V Bik’at HaYarden Jordan Valley
Yitzhar יצהר 1279 982 590 440 329 328 1983 E Shomron Nablus
Zofin צופים 1815 1251 1043 1,040 857 794 1989 W Shomron Kedumim
Total (excl. East Jerusalem): 372945 313928 249901 226,852 192,976 177,411
Total (incl. East Jerusalem): 401,820 362,945
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